The world has felt a the explosive impact of computers and the IT industry in its very core and the increasing need for computers in the daily life of people has made it imperative that new designs and new computer software systems be developed so that advancing technology can be applied in a growing range of applications. The work assigned to people who are called computer software engineers evolves very fast, which reflects the changes in technology as well as the increase of new specializations which keep cropping up in this field along with the preferences and practices of employers. The principles and knowledge of computer science, engineering, and mathematical analysis are employed by computer software engineers for designing, developing, testing, and evaluating the software and the systems that computers use to carry out various applications. Software engineers who work in applications or systems development are engaged in analyzing user needs and designing, constructing, testing, and maintaining computer applications software or systems. Various kinds of software like software for operating systems and network distribution, and compilers, which convert programs for execution on a computer, are developed by a software engineer. In the programming or coding fields, software engineers give instructions to a computer, line by line; on how on perform a function or operation. These engineers are also geared to tackle technical problems and hitches. Although these engineers need to possess string programming skills, they are more occupied with the development of algorithms and in analyzing and solving problems in programming than with writing codes.
A computer software engineer specializes in either computer software applications or computer software systems. After analyzing users’ needs, he or she designs, tests, constructs and maintain programs to meet them. Computer software engineers design and develop computer and video games, business applications and operating systems.
Employers who hire computer software engineers usually prefer job candidates with bachelor’s degrees, generally in computer science. One who wants to work in this field may alternatively major in software engineering and one who wants to specialize in systems software engineering may choose computer information systems as his or her course of study.
When starting out in the field, a computer software engineer will probably be involved primarily in testing. With more experience, he or she will begin to design and develop software. Eventually, with experience, one may become a project manager, manager of information systems, or chief information officer. Some software engineers become systems designers or independent consultants.
On a typical day a computer systems software engineer’s tasks might include:
* Modifying existing software to correct errors, to adapt it to new hardware or to upgrade interfaces and improve performance.
* Designing and developing software systems, using scientific analysis and mathematical models to predict and measure outcome and consequences of design.
* Consulting with engineering staff to evaluate interface between hardware and software, developing specifications and performance requirements and resolving customer problems.
* Developing and directing software system testing and validation prosedures.
* Directing software programming and development of documentation.
On a typical day a computer applications software engineer’s tasks might include:
* Conferring with systems analysts, engineers, programmers and others to design systems and to obtain information on project limitations and capabilities, performance requirements and interfaces.
* Modifying existing software to correct errors, allow it to adapt to new hardware, or to improve its performance.
* Analyzing user needs and software requirements to determine feasibility of design within time and cost constraints.
* Consulting with customers about software system design and maintenance.
* Designing, developing and modifying software systems, using scientific analysis and mathematical models to predict and measure outcome and consequences of design.